The pursuit of a medical career in Canada offers a wide range of benefits, thanks to the country’s world-class healthcare infrastructure, promising remuneration, satisfying work-life balance, and high job security.

This article provides guide on how to become a doctor in Canada, navigating through suitable educational programs, the costs associated with medical degrees, and employment prospects post-graduation.


Advantages of a Medical Career in Canada

The perks of being a doctor in Canada are numerous, ranging from high earning potential to immense job satisfaction. As per data from, the average annual salary for medical doctors in Canada stands at $202,000, significantly outpacing the national average across other occupations.

Moreover, a Medscape survey indicates that 82% of Canadian medical professionals report feeling satisfied or highly satisfied with their careers, reflecting the high levels of job contentment in the field. Additionally, with an unemployment rate of a mere 0.80% among physicians and surgeons, as per Statistics Canada, the job security in this sector is highly reassuring.

To top it all, the average workweek for doctors in Canada, spanning approximately 41 hours, offers a healthy work-life balance.

Pre-Requisites for Becoming a Medical Doctor in Canada

If you aspire to become a doctor in Canada, a solid grounding in science through an undergraduate degree forms the initial step. Following this, the pursuit of a professional medical degree is mandatory. If your undergraduate degree doesn’t meet the requirements, several Canadian institutions offer premed programs.

Esteemed institutions like the University of Toronto, McGill, and Dalhousie offer a professional degree in medicine, though the acceptance rate into these schools is highly competitive, typically below 50%.

Timeframe for Medical Training in Canada

The journey to becoming a doctor involves a rigorous academic and practical regimen. Generally, a medical degree spans four years post a Bachelor’s degree, although some programs may offer a shortened three-year pathway. Subsequent to earning the degree, you must opt for a specific practice area: family practice, requiring a minimum of two years, or a different medical specialty, necessitating at least four years. This period, referred to as residency, is paid and involves treating patients while working towards certification.

Five Steps to Becoming a Medical Doctor in Canada

Embarking on a medical career in Canada involves a systematic process with several key stages to be mindful of:

  1. Complete an undergraduate degree (typically in science)
  2. Earn a professional medical degree
  3. Choose a specialty and undergo a residency program
  4. Get certified in your chosen field
  5. Secure employment as a medical doctor

Preparation for MCCEE

The Medical Council of Canada Evaluating Examination (MCCEE) is an important milestone in your journey, renowned for its challenging nature. Therefore, early and comprehensive preparation using diverse study methods like group study, individual reading, note-taking, flashcards, and online question banks is highly recommended.

Once these steps are successfully completed, you have earned the title of a Medical Doctor in Canada! However, it’s essential to continually pursue professional development and stay abreast of medical advancements and changes within the Canadian healthcare landscape.

Investment for Becoming a Medical Doctor in Canada

The financial aspect of medical training is an essential consideration for prospective doctors. While the cost can vary significantly based on the university and the chosen specialty, it’s crucial to budget for tuition fees, living expenses, and other miscellaneous costs during your years of study and training.


Choosing the Best Province to Work

Choosing the best province to practice medicine in Canada can largely depend on personal factors, such as work-life balance, income expectations, and lifestyle preferences. However, certain provinces stand out due to their robust healthcare systems, higher remuneration, or patient-doctor ratios.

Here are a few provinces that often attract medical professionals:


Alberta offers some of the highest salaries for doctors in Canada. The province’s healthcare system is well-funded, allowing doctors to earn more than the national average. Additionally, Alberta boasts a high standard of living and stunning natural landscapes, making it an appealing destination for healthcare professionals.


Ontario, home to the country’s largest city, Toronto, and the capital city, Ottawa, provides ample job opportunities for medical doctors. The province has a diverse population, offering a wide range of medical specialties to practice. Ontario also hosts several renowned medical institutions and research centers, providing avenues for career growth and development.

British Columbia

British Columbia (BC) is another attractive province for doctors, known for its high-quality healthcare system and above-average salaries. The stunning natural beauty and mild climate make BC an appealing place for many professionals.

The province’s large and diverse population ensures a wide variety of clinical cases, beneficial for doctors interested in a broad range of practice areas.


Despite its requirement for French language proficiency, Quebec offers unique benefits for doctors. The province has a high doctor-to-patient ratio, ensuring a steady influx of patients and job stability. In addition, Quebec offers competitive remuneration for physicians and is home to some of Canada’s top hospitals and medical schools.

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia is another notable province for medical professionals. Though smaller in size and population, it has a high demand for doctors, particularly in rural areas, leading to competitive salaries and secure employment. It also offers loan forgiveness programs for medical graduates willing to work in underserved communities.

Remember, the ‘best’ province can vary greatly depending on individual needs and circumstances, such as a preference for urban or rural settings, specific medical disciplines, research opportunities, or community needs.


Becoming a doctor in Canada is a rewarding but challenging career path that requires a lot of dedication, effort, and investment. If you have the passion, talent, and resilience to pursue this profession, you will enjoy many benefits and opportunities in Canada.


I'm Ian, a travel blogger with a background in publishing. My hobby is exploring new places, and here, I share my discoveries from quaint towns and bustling cities. Each trip inspires my next post, inviting you to join me on this exciting journey.